Friday, April 25, 2008

Civil Engineering: Meeting the challenges of tomarrow

The Great wall of China, Pyramids of Egypt, Roman aqueducts, The Taj-Mahal, Golden temple, Gate Bridge, Singha Darbar, Dharahara are all engineering marvels, true testimonies to the genius of people, monuments of changing civilsations. What is common in them? They are all Civil Engineering Projects. Globalisation and extraordinary technological advancement that is being made, in 21 Century demand that Civil Engineering keep equal pace with time. Nepal, itself is developing a nation. A major focus of the efforts immediately and in the next decades is on infrastructure by way of highways, ports, nuclear facilities , airports, power, water, housing, sanitation and so on. Only way to fulfill this dream is the economic progress of the country, which makes its mandatory to probe the latest technologies in the field of Civil Engineering and get ready for the future. As a result the structures constructed now a days are more taller, wider and flexible and are subjected to huge environmental loads such as wind, earthquake etc. The biggest challenge for Civil Engineering is that its entire infrastructure must be able to withstand external disturbances, which includes even militants threat, attacks, blast etc. Today's technology demands perfect approach in planning, analysis, design, construction and maintenance of these infrastructures. Thus an integrated approach is vital for Civil Engineering, which not only requires understanding of theoretical, and numerical study but also as a community of Civil Engineer, they are expected to produce useful and economical results. Apart from this the time taken to complete the project shall also be shorter. Therefore conceptual analysis and design solution, innovative material and new technology must replace the traditional materials and technology to meet these requirements of today and tomorrow which should be environmental friendly also. Therefore Civil Engineering requires constant up-gradation of knowledge in the field of advanced building materials, earthquake resistance structure, aerodynamics, construction management, rehabilitation and maintenance of structure, intelligent and energy efficient building, ground improvement techniques, solid waste management, water harvesting and sustainable development for environmental protection, use of Information Technology in design & construction.


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